[168] National carrier Druk Air operates flights between Paro Airport and airports in Jakar (Bumthang Dzongkhag) and Gelephu (Sarpang Dzongkhag) on a weekly basis. As with other roads in Bhutan, the Lateral Road presents serious safety concerns due to pavement conditions, sheer drops, hairpin turns, weather and landslides. Dairy foods, particularly butter and cheese from yaks and cows, are also popular, and indeed almost all milk is turned into butter and cheese. Executive power is exercised by the Council of Ministers led by the Prime Minister. Darts (khuru) is an equally popular outdoor team sport, in which heavy wooden darts pointed with a 10 cm nail are thrown at a paperback-sized target 10 to 20 meters (33 to 66 ft) away. It is not easily classified and may constitute an independent branch of Tibeto-Burman. The dress element of this code required all citizens to wear the gho (a knee-length robe for men) and the kira (an ankle-length dress for women). Bhutan does not have addresses, though streets in the bigger towns, such as Thimphu, have been designated names, which come before the suffix lam, meaning street or road. Bhutan pristine environment offers ecosystem which are rich and diverse, due to its location and great geographical and climatic variations, Bhutan’s high, rugged mountains and valleys boast spectacular biodiversity, earning it a name as one of the world’s ten most important biodiversity hotspots. The House of Wangchuck emerged as the monarchy and pursued closer ties with the British in the subcontinent. Social status and class determine the textures, colors, and decorations that embellish the garments. The current Prime Minister of Bhutan is Lotay Tshering, leader of the Druk Nyamrup Tshogpa Party. Lokatie District Paro : Land Bhutan, District Paro. The 2008 Constitution establishes a parliamentary government with an elected National Assembly and a National Council. Two targets are placed over 100 meters (330 ft) apart, and teams shoot from one end of the field to the other. A new constitution was presented in early 2005. [97] Bangladesh and Bhutan signed a preferential trade agreement in 2020 with provisions for free trade. The People's Democratic Party came to power in the 2013 elections. While dependent on the Indian military, Bhutan maintains its own military units. In response, Bhutan has implemented an insurance scheme, begun constructing solar powered alarm fences, watch towers, and search lights, and has provided fodder and salt licks outside human settlement areas to encourage animals to stay away. [64][65] A variant Assamese macaque has also been recorded, which is regarded by some authorities as a new species, Macaca munzala. It became a founding member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) in 1985. Women have begun to participate more in the work force and their participation is one of the highest in the region. [198] On previous occasions, the King himself conferred Bura Maaps to outstanding individuals such as the Director General of Department Hydropower and Power System, Yeshi Wangdi, the Deputy Chairperson of National Council, Dasho Dr. Sonam Kinga, and former National Assembly Speaker, Dasho Ugyen Dorji. [56], In 1999, the government lifted a ban on television and internet, making Bhutan one of the last countries to introduce television. Its architecture is characterized by the traditional Buddhist style, the only allowed for construction. [30], The first time a separate Kingdom of Bhutan appeared on a western map, it did so under its local name "Broukpa". [152] Seeking to become a high-value destination, it imposes a daily fee of anywhere between US$180 to US$290 per day (or more) on tourists that covers touring and hotel accommodation. The largest city in Bhutan is the capital Thimphu. Before the 1980s, the Lhotshampa (Nepali-speaking community), mainly based in southern Bhutan, constituted approximately 30% of the population. - Buy this stock vector and explore similar vectors at Adobe Stock Name Population Latitude/Longitude; 1: Thimphu , Thimphu: 98,676: 27.466 / 89.642: 2: Punakha , Punakha: 21,500 A Match Report from a Deadspin Reader in Bhutan", "Bhutan Gains Ground on Gender Equality But Challenges Remain in Key Areas", "Mahayana Buddhism and Gross National Happiness in Bhutan", "A New Measure of Well-Being From a Happy Little Kingdom", SAARC Consortium on Open and Distance Learning, South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme, Foundation of SAARC Writers and Literature, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bhutan&oldid=1011087358, Member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, States and territories established in 1907, Articles with dead external links from June 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Articles with self-published sources from January 2020, Wikipedia pages move-protected due to vandalism, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Dzongkha-language text, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles needing additional references from December 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2015, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2006, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with multiple identifiers, Geographical articles missing image alternative text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Army relies on the Eastern Air Command of the Indian Air Force for air assistance. Most of the population lives in the central highlands. Best Dining in Bhutan, Asia: See 6,984 Tripadvisor traveler reviews of 249 Bhutan restaurants and search by cuisine, price, location, and more. Dance dramas and masked dances such as the Cham dance are common traditional features at festivals, usually accompanied by traditional music. [149] Power is supplied to various states in India. A documentary of the match was made by the Dutch filmmaker Johan Kramer. [95] An Indian intelligence officer said that a Chinese delegation in Bhutan told the Bhutanese they were "overreacting". [80], The huge market value of the Ophiocordyceps sinensis fungus crop collected from the wild has also resulted in unsustainable exploitation which is proving very difficult to regulate. The share of the agricultural sector in GDP declined from approximately 55% in 1985 to 33% in 2003. What Costs The Most", Ancient Ruin of Drukgyel Dzong – UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary – UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Dzongs: the center of temporal and religious authorities (Punakha Dzong, Wangdue Phodrang Dzong, Paro Dzong, Trongsa Dzong and Dagana Dzong) – UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Jigme Dorji National Park (JDNP) – UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Royal Manas National Park (RMNP) – UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Sacred Sites associated with Phajo Drugom Zhigpo and his descendants – UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary (SWS) – UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Tamzhing Monastery – UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Mask dance of the drums from Drametse – intangible heritage – Culture Sector, "DYT Approves Quarry Without Community Clearance", "Drukair to launch scheduled operations to Gelephu", "North-East-West highway widening progressing under pre-financing", "Welcome to Embassy of India Thimphu, Bhutan", "International tourists bemoan bad road conditions in Bhutan | Asia News Network", "Isolated Buddhist kingdom of Bhutan to get its first railway link", https://www.citypopulation.de/Bhutan.html, Pew Research Center – Global Religious Landscape 2010 – religious composition by country, "International Religious Freedom Report 2007–Bhutan", "Pastor Sentenced to Three Years in Prison", "Life expectancy at birth, total (years) | Data", "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations", "The Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan", "What's past is prologue: history, current status and future prospects of library development in Bhutan", "Indian teachers who served in Bhutan honoured", "New MICE hardware on the cards for Bhutan", "Four individuals conferred Bura Maap - BBS", "His Majesty awards red scarf and medals - BBS", "Country profile – Bhutan: a land frozen in time", "Bhutan Winter Solstice Reminders for Winter Solstice . Neither government shall allow the use of its territory for activities harmful to the national security and interest of the other." Approximately 269 square kilometers (104 sq mi) remain under discussion between China and Bhutan. The Modern City Name List is composed of thousands of populated places across the planet. [115], A harassment campaign escalating in the early 1990s ensued; this was followed by deportations by Bhutanese security forces who engaged in gross human rights violations including torture and rape of political demonstrators. Other religions account for less than 1% of the population. It has since expanded relations with 55 countries, including Bangladesh,[16] Israel,[17] Kuwait,[18] Brazil,[19] Japan,[20] Thailand,[21] and Turkey;[22] as well as the European Union. Women wear an ankle-length dress, the kira, which is clipped at the shoulders with two identical brooches called the koma and tied at the waist with kera. National Statistics Bureau, Royal Government of Bhutan (web). After the decline of the Yuan dynasty in the 14th century, these subsects vied with each other for supremacy in the political and religious landscape, eventually leading to the ascendancy of the Drukpa Lineage by the 16th century. [31][32], Stone tools, weapons, elephants, and remnants of large stone structures provide evidence that Bhutan was inhabited as early as 2000 BC, although there are no existing records from that time. The chief justice is the administrative head of the judiciary. In 1965, he set up a Royal Advisory Council, and in 1968 he formed a Cabinet. In 2014, this was the most common surname in Bhutan. Bhutan enjoys strong political and diplomatic relations with Bangladesh. With a population of around 754,388, Bhutan is the second-least populated nation in South Asia. Government revenues total $407.1 million, though expenditures amount to $614 million. The match was held in Thimphu's Changlimithang National Stadium, and Bhutan won 4–0. The total population of Bhutan is 741,672 as of 1-Jul-19 , which represents 0.01% of global population and ranks Bhutan # 161 worldwide. The trek starts Paro to Thimphu, taking you to see the gorgeous landscape of the country. The SAARC Development Fund is based in Thimphu. They are Royal Insurance Corporation of Bhutan (RICB), National Pension and Provident Fund (NPPF), and Bhutan Insurance Limited (BIL). Each family was required to present census workers with a tax receipt from the year 1958—no earlier, no later—or with a certificate of origin, which had to be obtained from one's place of birth, to prove that they were indeed Bhutanese citizens. Bhutan's national and most popular sport is archery. The endangered wild water buffalo occurs in southern Bhutan, although in small numbers. It is bordered by China to the north and India to the south. [59], Bhutan is on the southern slopes of the eastern Himalayas, landlocked between the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north and the Indian states of Sikkim, West Bengal, Assam to west and south and the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh to the east. Thimphu is the most modern city in Bhutan with an abundance of restaurants, internet cafes, ... Centenary Farmer's Market, Semtokha Dzong to name a few. Bhutan's democratic transition in 2008 is seen as an evolution of its social contract with the monarchy since 1907. Because the country gets most of its energy from hydroelectric power, it does not emit significant greenhouse gases for energy production. Druk Yul — the local name for Bhutan — means "Land of the Thunder Dragon." Monasteries are called by their specific names, followed by the word for monastery or temple in Dzongkha - Lhakhang or Goempa (Gompa). [186], Buddhism was introduced to Bhutan in the 7th century AD. Soups and stews of meat and dried vegetables spiced with chilies and cheese are prepared. In certain thromdes (urban municipalities), a further municipal administration is directly subordinate to the Dzongkhag administration. [212] In 2002, Bhutan's national football team played Montserrat, in what was billed as The Other Final; the match took place on the same day Brazil played Germany in the World Cup final, but at the time Bhutan and Montserrat were the world's two lowest ranked teams. [177] Bhutan's nearest railway station is Hasimara. [52], Bhutan's political system has recently changed from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy. The basis of electoral constituencies in Bhutan is the chiwog, a subdivision of gewogs delineated by the Election Commission. The capital and largest city is Thimphu, with a population of 80,000 and a metro population of 115,000. Bhutan's economy is based on agriculture, forestry, tourism and the sale of hydroelectric power to India. The Dorji are a prominent and powerful family in Bhutan, with some members having been monarchs or holders of government positions. In the vast majority of constituencies, rural geog (village blocks) are administered by bodies called the Geog Tshogde. The trek starts Paro to Thimphu, taking you to see the gorgeous landscape of the country. Here is the list of all city names in the Bhutan. Get reminders for Winter Solstice – MarkTheDay.com", "Losar Festival Nepal : Tamu, Sherpa, Tibetan, Gyalpo Lhosar", "From Ngesem Ngesem to Khu Khu Khu ... Rigsar music woos local music fans", "Bhutan Wins Again! [98], Bhutan has diplomatic relations with 53 countries and the European Union and has missions in India, Bangladesh, Thailand, Kuwait and Belgium. At these events, dancers depict heroes, demons, dæmons, death heads, animals, gods, and caricatures of common people by wearing colorful wooden or composition face masks and stylized costumes. Best Dining in Bhutan, Asia: See 6,984 Tripadvisor traveler reviews of 249 Bhutan restaurants and search by cuisine, price, location, and more. The names are heavily inspired by dwarven cities of the most popular works of fantasy, most of which tend to mimic each other. Bhutan has seen recent growth in the technology sector, in areas such as green tech and consumer Internet/e-commerce. Political and economic centre As of 2015[update], the Tala Hydroelectric Power Station is its largest power plant, with an installed capacity of 1,020 MW. Thimpu is the Kingdom of Bhutan’s largest and capital city. Smoking in public areas is illegal, however, tobacco can be used in private. It consists of the National Council, an upper house with 25 elected members; and the National Assembly with 47 elected lawmakers from political parties. Gangkhar Puensum is Bhutan's highest peak and may also be the highest unclimbed mountain in the world. Attempts to distract an opponent include standing around the target and making fun of the shooter's ability. Bhutan - 10 Largest Cities. [215], India's Ministry of External Affairs provides financial aid to its neighbors as "technical and economic cooperation with other countries and advances to foreign governments.". [216] Bhutan culture has shown a tolerance for domestic violence with nearly 1/4 of all women having had experienced some form of violence from their husband or partner. Gangkar Puensum, the highest mountain in Bhutan. 4 out of 156 nations in the index of geopolitical gains and losses after energy transition (GeGaLo Index). [37][42], Locally, Bhutan has been known by many names. Druk Yul — the local name for Bhutan — means "Land of the Thunder Dragon." The DPT won the elections, taking 45 out of 47 seats. After a stay of nearly eight months Cacella wrote a long letter from the Chagri Monastery reporting on his travels. From his power base in central Bhutan, Ugyen Wangchuck defeated his political enemies and united the country following several civil wars and rebellions during 1882–85. The script, locally called Chhokey (literally, "Dharma language"), is identical to classical Tibetan. Tibet, Bhutan, Sikkim and parts of Nepal became the vestiges of the Mahayana schools amid the decline of Buddhism in India. This is a rare extant report of the Zhabdrung. Previously issued citizenship cards were no longer accepted as proof of citizenship. The capital Timphou is the most important city and welcomes about 80,000 people. The Bhutanese name for Bhutan, Druk Yul, means "Land of the Thunder Dragon" and it only began to open up to outsiders in the 1970s. Bhutan ranked first in SAARC in economic freedom, ease of doing business, peace and lack of corruption in 2016. The key manufacturing sectors in Bhutan include production of ferroalloy, cement, metal poles, iron and nonalloy steel products, processed graphite, copper conductors, alcoholic and carbonated beverages, processed fruits, carpets, wood products and furniture. The Lateral Road also has spurs connecting to the capital Thimphu and other population centers such as Paro and Punakha. Thimphu, capital of Bhutan. [107][108] In 1977 followed by in 1985 Bhutan's government enacted legislations against the Lhotshampa ethnic minority to tighten citizenship criteria and introducing provisions for denationalization of Lhotshampas who held citizenship. The Bhutan Duars is divided into two parts, the northern and southern Duars. The dancers enjoy royal patronage, and preserve ancient folk and religious customs and perpetuate the ancient lore and art of mask-making. [29], Names similar to Bhutan—including Bohtan, Buhtan, Bottanthis, Bottan and Bottanter—began to appear in Europe around the 1580s. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. [53][54][55] The evicted Lhotshampas became refugees in camps in southern Nepal. It incubates startups via the "Bhutan Innovation and Technology Center" (BITC). The capital city is Thimphu . Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. Members of Bhutanese police and army imprisoned, tortured and raped many who were politically active in such demonstrations. Trans. Because of its largely unspoiled natural environment and cultural heritage, Bhutan has been referred to as The Last Shangri-La. Features an interactive map and statistics. Since the beginning of modern education in Bhutan, teachers from India—especially Kerala—have served in some of the most remote villages of Bhutan. Entry is free for citizens of India, Bangladesh, and the Maldives, but all other foreigners are required to sign up with a Bhutanese tour operator and pay around US$250 per day that they stay in the country, though this fee covers most travel, lodging and meal expenses. Various subsects of Buddhism emerged that were patronized by the various Mongol warlords. And if you see one or many funny city names that are just dying for a tank top design, let us know that, too! The city and town name generator uses a database of over five million names across more than 150 countries. The Bhutan national cricket team is one of the most successful affiliate nations in the region. Dwarven city name generator . [211] The previous king, Jigme Singye Wangchuck, who abdicated in 2006, had four queens, all of whom are sisters. The construction of the railway via Satali, Bharna Bari and Dalsingpara by Indian railways will be funded by India. Bhutan may have been influenced by the Yuan dynasty with which it shares various cultural and religious similarities. After the new Union of India gained independence from the United Kingdom on 15 August 1947, Bhutan became one of the first countries to recognize India's independence. Bhutan, country of south-central Asia, located on the eastern ridges of the Himalayas. I suppose it’s possible that we’ve forgotten one or two of the world’s most funny city names. See p.8 of "Change of Names of Post Offices in Bhutan 1962 - present" by Leo van der Velden in Postal Himal, No. Paro Airport is the only international airport in Bhutan. This great geographical diversity combined with equally diverse climate conditions contributes to Bhutan's outstanding range of biodiversity and ecosystems.[2]. Daughters will inherit their parents' house. Sailen Debnath, Essays on Cultural History of North Bengal. [90][91] In February 2007, the Indo-Bhutan Friendship Treaty was substantially revised, clarifying Bhutan's full control of its foreign relations, as well as its independance and sovereignty. [149] Hydropower has been the primary focus for the country's five-year plans. Traditionally, it is taken to be a transcription of the Sanskrit Bhoṭa-anta "end of Tibet", a reference to Bhutan's position as the southern extremity of the Tibetan plateau and culture. KSchroeder, Kent (2017). The Royal Bhutan Army is Bhutan's military service. Thimphu (/ t ɪ m ˈ p uː /; Dzongkha: ཐིམ་ཕུ [tʰim˥.pʰu˥]; formerly spelt as Thimbu or Thimpu) is the capital and largest city of Bhutan. (Pew 2010)[184], It is estimated that between two-thirds and three-quarters of the Bhutanese population follow Vajrayana Buddhism, which is also the state religion. [106] Minister Dorji Choden, chair for the National Commission for Women and Children, believes that the aforementioned program can be used to “promote women into more leadership roles” which can then lead women to take on more active roles in their society. Bhutan's main export partner is India, accounting for 58.6 percent of its export goods. Fishing in Bhutan is mainly centered on trout and carp. Much the same could be said of the Sharchops, the largest group, who traditionally follow the Nyingmapa rather than the official Drukpa Kagyu form of Tibetan Buddhism. [173][174][175] Currently, the road conditions appear to be deterring tourists from visiting Bhutan due to the increased instances of road blocks, landslides and dust disruption caused by the widening project.[176]. [37] Buddhism was propagated in earnest[35] in 746[38] under King Sindhu Rāja (also Künjom;[39] Sendha Gyab; Chakhar Gyalpo), an exiled Indian king who had established a government in Bumthang at Chakhar Gutho Palace.[40]:35[41]:13. In July 1972, Jigme Singye Wangchuck ascended to the throne at the age of sixteen after the death of his father, Dorji Wangchuck. [74], Although Bhutan's natural heritage is still largely intact, the government has said that it cannot be taken for granted and that conservation of the natural environment must be considered one of the challenges that will need to be addressed in the years ahead. [102] It has an annual budget of about US$13.7 million (1.8 percent of GDP). by Baillie, Luiza Maria. Another popular sport is basketball. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Bhutan divided by total area of the country. However, these names seem to have referred not to modern Bhutan but to the Kingdom of Tibet. These companies include Ariel Foods, Starium (BUA Group), HMD Africa, Sana Industries, Loatsad, Kenol, Mantrac (Caterpillar), Omar Gardens and … In the first millennium, the Vajrayana school of Buddhism spread to Bhutan from the southern Pala Empire of Bengal. Popular beverages include butter tea, black tea, locally brewed ara (rice wine), and beer. Beschikbare informatie : Aantal inwoners, Oppervlakte en Hotel. The city, situated in the west-central part of the country, is in the Himalaya Mountains on the Raidak (also called Thimphu, or Wong) River at about 7,000 feet (2,000 metres) above sea level. Elevation rises from 200 m (660 ft) in the southern foothills to more than 7,000 m (23,000 ft). Bhutan is a founding member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). The cities, towns and villages of over 100 countries are available for browsing. [136] Bhutan and India signed a 'free trade' accord in 2008, which additionally allowed Bhutanese imports and exports from third markets to transit India without tariffs.
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